Beetle (Chauliognathus pensylvanicus) onRudbeckia (Black-eyed Susan)
Since the first 18th Century scientific accounts of how pollination works it has risen in respectability in botany, zoology, evolution and ecology. Pollination biology provided huge opportunities for focussed research in basic and applied sciences so that disciplinary solitudes arose. Botany and zoology tended to be separate within biology as well as in agronomy and apiculture. Over the history of pollination biology, which can be placed into six inter-related facets, philosophical, social, scientific, technical, political and business agendas have hampered, and continue to hamper, objective science. Nevertheless, modern interdisciplinary approaches to pollination ecology, its inherent co-evolutionary principles, and the current “pollination” crisis have become a scientific and social unifying force that cannot but lead to new knowledge, insights and, I hope, wisdom (new synthesis).
Read the scientific publication in JPE.